Psychology is the study of the human mind and its functions.
It is a social science that seeks to understand individuals and groups by both establishing general principles and researching specific cases.
Psychology can be studied as a science, in which empirical evidence is used to infer causal, correlational, and explanatory relationships among variables.
In this sense, it aims to describe people’s thoughts, feelings and behaviors without judging them morally or intellectually.
The word “psychology” comes from the Greek roots “psȳkhē” (ψυχή) meaning “breath”, “life”, or “soul” and “-logia” (λογία) meaning “study”.
The field of psychology includes various sub-disciplines that study different aspects.
Psychology is the study of human behavior, cognitive processes, and mental phenomena.
The field includes the scientific study of individual differences in ability, personality, interests, and social behavior.
The goal of psychology is to understand how people think, act and feel.
Psychologists conduct experiments to investigate how humans perceive their environment and interpret what they see or hear.
Some scholars divide psychology to different categories; biological, cognitive and social.
It is about how the brain works, its functions and how it can be affected by drugs or medication.
It also discusses about some other biological issues such as what happens to our brains when we are under stress or experience a trauma.
This area of study focuses on how people think and process information, as well as on their memories and language skills. It also looks at how people use mental imagery to understand things that they cannot see or touch with their senses.
It also discusses about disorders that affect cognitive processes such as schizophrenia and dementia.
Social psychology is a scientific and methodical study of how people think, feel and behave in the direct and implicit presence of others.
Also, the study of the behavior and thoughts and feelings of humans when thinking about the reaction of others – who are not in that time and place – is included in the field of social psychology.